Rudraksha: Features & Facts


What is Rudraksha?

Rudraksha beads are the most ancient beads, which grows on Elaeocarpus Ganitrus Roxb trees at selected locations of South East Asia (Java, Korea, parts of Malaysia, Taiwan, China) and South Asia (Northern India and Nepal). 

Rudraksha is the purest, the most effective, useful, ancient beads. Rudraksha is the seed of a fruit. It grows in bunches.

They bloom in May, June and ripen between September to November. Its pulp is hard and remains stuck to its seed. It is kept in water for a number of days and then Rudraksha is taken out after peeling off the pulp. 

Rudraksha beads are a plant product, containing Aluminium, Chlorine, Copper, Cobalt, Nickel, Iron, Magnesium, Manganese, Phosphorus, Potassium, Sodium, Zinc, Silicon, Silver and Gold. 

The electromagnetic properties of Rudraksha are due to these elements. The percentage compositions of gaseous elements were determined by C-H-N Analyzer and by Gas chromatography. 

The result shows that Rudraksha beads consist of 50.031% carbon, 0.95% nitrogen, 17.897% hydrogen and 30.53% oxygen.

The original whitish color of Rudraksha is dyed into orange color which is a symbolic color of the saints and sages.

Rudraksha has powerful Electromagnetic properties in controlling stress, blood pressure, improves blood flow and circulation.

The whole human body acts as a complex bio-electric circuit consisting of nervous system and other organs. 

Electrical impulses are generated in the body because of the continuous heart beats, blood circulation, and conduction of sensory and motor impulses in nerves, contraction and relaxing of muscles. 

These electrical impulses are known as bio-electricity. Because of difference in the energy levels of different body parts, flow of bio-electric current starts. 

Psycho-somatic stress and maladjustment breaks this well-coordinated flow of bio-electric current as well as normal functioning of the systems which results in uncomfortable feeling, illness and abnormal psyche. 

Wearing Rudraksha controls, normalizes and regulates the flow of bio-electric current in the body.

Rudraksha exhibits electrical properties and wearing Rudraksha has a definitive factor of resistance. 

This resistance generates a specific ampere of current flow depending on the factor of resistance.

This acts in coordination with the heartbeat, streamlining it and sending out specific impulses to the brain to generate certain bio-chemicals in the brain which brings about a positive mood and more confidence making us feel better, more poised and energetic

Who can wear Rudraksha?

Rudraksha are divine beads and can be worn by anybody irrespective of age, sex, caste, creed, culture, religion or geographic location.

Yes! One and all can wear a Rudraksha or a combination of the beads.

However, it is advisable that certain procedures should be taken while using Rudraksha since it is a divine gift and therefore very pious.

Rudraksha beads have amazing powers in them. The scientific explanation says: “They have electromagnetic properties in them and when they come in contact with human body they help bring thoughts per second down. As our thoughts per second level comes down we fall more in tune with the present moment, and hence we develop enhanced concentration, productivity and magnetism and problems start resolving gradually.

Shiva Purana specially describes that Lakshmi stays where Rudraksha is. The aura of a Rudraksha wearer is large and he attracts good luck and opportunities. The different mukhi Rudraksha specifically bring health, luck, abundance, courage, protection and knowledge.

Rudrakshas work on empowering Chakras, it protects body from diseases caused due to chakra imbalance.

Rudraksha beads emit frequency that balances different chakras of human body as well as attune them to frequencies of different planets and divine energies. Thus they attract good luck and positivity. They work best when worn on body.

The method of wearing is very important. Just as gems show effect when worn on specific fingers and hands, similarly Rudraksha work when worn in particular combinations and particular stringing style.

A Rudraksha mala, Bracelet or a pendant can be made using gold, silver or copper or simple thread.

A person can wear more then one Rudraksha bead of the same mukhi. Alternately he can also wear a mala/ bracelet having a combination of various mukhi Rudraksha.

We read in Puranas that Rudraksha are to be worn in different numbers on the different parts of the body like head, neck, both wrists, both fore arms, waist, abdomen etc

Ancient texts speak about wearing Rudraksha on different parts of the body.

The number of beads is very important for those who desire to acquire Special Siddhis when wearing on different parts of the body like 27 or 32 or 54 or 108 for neck,throat, 6/11/15 for arms, 5 for waist etc in Kantha/mala or bracelet form.

Rudraksha beads are a product of nature. Hence they vary in their size and colors even if they are identical in Mukhas (facets) .

However this variation of size and color does not increase/ decrease the effectiveness of this divine bead.

Rudraksha beads are worn as pendants and bracelets on wrist or upper arm. They may also be kept in the Puja room for benefit of entire family .

However wearing it on your body gives maximum results in terms of health and emotional balancing.

Children may also wear Rudraksha depending on the nature of their emotional and health concerns. They respond to Rudraksha faster than adults and it makes their growing years smoother.

The words of the authentic ancient texts were misinterpreted over the years and thus many confusions were created in the minds of people.

Rudrakshas work on the soul, mind and thoughts. People who practice meditation, find instant results on wearing them.

Women can also wear Rudrakshas. Rudrakshas may be worn even during the menstrual cycle for ladies provided the beads are kept in hygienic state and one does not touch the beads with soiled fingers.

However if you are uncomfortable wearing them during night or during the menstrual cycle you may take them off and keep in a clean place and wear again in the morning after bath.

Once you start wearing Rudraksha, they take 7-8 days of continual touch on skin to get activated.

After never keep them away from your body for longer than 10 hours or else they will go in slumber once again.

Family members should not keep interchanging Neck Malas, Japa Malas or Rudraksha beads.

The bond created between a wearer and Rudraksha is based on frequency tuning and hence the wearer must not share her/his Rudraksha with a third party. But it can be gifted permanently, willed and passed on to the legal heirs or to another person.

Duration of wearing:

According to our authentic scriptures, Rudraksha can be worn at all times by all persons irrespective of gender, caste or creed. Even animals benefit by wearing Rudraksha beads.

The beads work best when worn 24×7. If you sees Rishis and Sadhus, they make it part of their body and wear all the time.

Procedures to be foallowed while wearing Rudraksha for the first time:

Start wearing Rudraksha on a Monday as it is an auspicious day to start wearing your bead or you may wear your Rudraksha early morning on any auspicious day of the week after an early morning bath.

While wearing a Rudraksha beads for the first time, it is advisable to get them energized with a proper Puja (Pran Pratishta). Wash beads with water or water mixed with Ganges water. You may also do abhishek for the Rudraksha.

• Take an early morning bath.

• Chant ‘OM Namah Shivay’ five or nine or one hundred and eight times.

• Chant the seed mantra of your Rudraksha bead nine or one hundred and eight times.

Rudraksha need to be purified and energized before they are worn. This is done by chanting of Rudrabhishek and Pran-pratishtha mantras and washing the beads and offering incense, sandal paste and other offerings.

Common mantra for all mukhi is “Om Namah Shivaya”

Rudraksha can be taken off neck and worn again anytime while chanting these mantras a minimum of 5 times.

Poojan or Energising Rudraksha should be done at regular intervals, as recommended by shastras.

The shastras recommends two different vidhis for energizing Rudraksha which is being elaborated below.


Choose an auspicious day or any Monday for wearing..

Following is the simple ritual to be followed for Rudraksha wearing or worshipping:

  1. Wash or sprinkle Rudraksha / mala with Gangajal or pure water.
  2. Apply sandalwood paste.
  3. Offer incense / dhoop.
  4. Offer any white flower
  5. Touch the Rudraksha to a Shiv Ling or Lord Shiva’s photo and chant ‘Om Namah Shivaya’ for a minimum of 11 times and thereafter Rudraksha can be worn or placed at puja place.


For an elaborate Rudraksha pujan or consecration following procedure is to be followed:

Consecration may be done by the wearer, his Guru or a priest.


Panchgavya – Mix of cow’s dung, urine, milk, ghee and curd. In absence of this, use Panchamrit which is mix of unboiled milk, honey, sugar, ghee and curd.

Gangajal in a achamani pot with Kusha grass or a spoon for sprinkling. In absence of Gangajal, clean pure water may be used.

9 leaves of peepal tree arranged on a plate.
Plate for offerings to be placed during puja.
Dhoop, Incense sticks.
Camphor and lamp
Sandal paste, Aromatic oil.
Rice grains preferably mixed with Asthagandha.
Ghee lamp (one wick)
Offerings –(cloth, flower, fruit, betel- nut, betel-leaves, coconut.)

After bath, with a calm and clean body and pure mind sit on an Asan (mat or clean carpet) facing east.

Wash Rudraksha with Panchagavya or Panchamrit and then wash with water / Gangajal

Place Rudraksha in a plate over the 9 leaves of Peepal tree. Place an empty plate in front of this plate for offerings. Chant “Om Namah Shivaya” 3 times.

Sprinkle water over yourself and all items of Puja and chant

“Om ApavitrahPavitroVaSarvaVastanGatopiVa Yah SmaretPundariKaksham SaBahyaBhyantarah Shushed”

“Om GurubhyoNamaha, Om GaneshayaNamaha, Om Kula DevatabhyoNamaha, Om Ishta Devatabhyo Namaha, Om Mata PitribhyamNamaha”

Place water on right hand with spoon of Achamani and sip after each of these 3 mantras
“Om KeshavayaNamaha, Om Narayanaya Namaha, Om MadhavayaNamaha”

Put water on right hand and pour on ground:
“Om GovindayaNamaha”

Do three short rounds of Pranayama breaths.
“Om PranavasyaParabrahmaRishihiParamatmaDevataDaiviGayatriChandahaPranayamaeViniyogaha”

Sprinkle water on Rudraksha with Kusha grass or a spoon from Achamani
“Om SadyojaatamPrapadyaamiSadyojataajavaNamoNamahaBhaveBhavenaatiBhaveBhavasvamaamBhavodbhavayNamaha”

Take a flower and dip in Sandal paste and aromatic oils and touch on the beads
“Om VamdevayaNamah, JyeshthaayNamah, ShreshthayNamah, RudraayNamah, KaalayNamah, Kala VikarannaayNamah, BalVikaranaayNamah, BalaahNamah, BalaPramathanaayNamah, SarvaBhootDamanaayNamah, ManomanaayNamah.”

Offer Dhoop to the Rudraksha beads
“Om AghorebhyoGhorebhyoGhorGhorTarebhayahaSarvebhyaSarvaSharvvebhyo Namaste Astu Rudra Roopebhyana”

Again take a flower and dip in sandal paste and touch on beads
“Om TatpurushaayaVidmaheMahadevaayDheemahiTannoRudrahaPrachodayaat”

Chant Eeeshan mantra
“Om EeshaanahSarvavidyaanamEeshwarSarvabhootaanaamBrahmaadipatiBrahmanaadhipati Brahma ShivomeAstuSadaaShivom”

Chant Gayatri mantra 3 times
“Om BhurBhuvahSwaha Om Tat SaviturVarenyumBhargoDevasyaDhimahiDhiyoYonahaPrachodayat”

Chant Surya mantra 3 times
“Om Bhu Om Bhuvaha Om Swaha Om Maha Om Janaha Om Tapaha Om Satyam” Repeat and touch each after each mantra, right eye, left eye, forehead “Om Apo Jyothi RasoAmtritam Brahma BhuBhuvahaSwarom”

Chant Mahamrityunjaya mantra 5 times and offer rice to a plate before Rudraksha after each round
“Om HaumJoomSah, Om BhurBhuvahaSwaha, Om TriambakamYajamaheySugandhimPushtiVardhanam, UrvarUkamivaBandhanan, MrityorMoksheeyaMamritat, Om SwahaBhuvahaBhu Om SahJoomHaum Om”

Chant Beeja mantra 9 times each
Om NamahShivaya, Om HreemNamah, Om Namah, Om KleemNamah Om HreemNamah, Om Hreem Hum Namah, Om Hum Namah, Om KromKshom Rom Namah

Bow or supplicate, then chant this last prayer :
Om Purnamadapurnamidamprunadpurnamudyachite Purnasyapurnamadayapurnamevayashishyate Om Shanti ShantiShanti

The blessed and energised Rudraksha can now be worn on the body as specified or placed at worshipping place.

How to cleanse and purify Rudraksha periodically?

• Wash beads with water or water mixed with Ganges water every week.

• The beads should be kept clean and free from deposits of sweat and talcIf the beads need cleaning after regular wear, they should be dipped inwarm water overnight. Then they should be scrubbed thoroughly using a brush. Lastly, they should be washed with normal water and dry it with a clean cloth. Once dried, apply a light oil like mustard oil or olive, sandalwood oil or any vegetable oil with an unused small tooth brush. Thereafter Incense and sandal paste has to be offered and the seed mantra for the Rudraksha beads has to chanted. Once in 3 or 4 months little camphor powder has to be applied over the beads. It will help keep insects away.

Rudraksha are very strong beads and have a life span of hundreds of years and if maintained properly and can be handed over through generations.

• If you are not be able to wear them for a long period, keep them in pooja room in a wet yellow cloth soaked with some water. Note that beads tend to go in slumber mode if not worn for a period of about one week at a stretch. Then they need regular wearing for another one week to awaken again.

• Remove the bead before undertaking any work such as workout in a gym or swimming.

• If you wish to start wearing your beads after a long gap, wash them with water, offer incense, flowers, chant “Om Nama Sivaya” x 27 times and wear them again.

You may remove it at night you feel uncomfortable after wearing it the whole day or during sexual union or during the menstrual cycle.

Rudraksha gives you energy and desirable effects only if you wear it on your body as much as possible.

Is it important to have uniform shaped beads for effect? Is there any harm is wearing a bead that is not perfectly shaped?

Ans: Nature has produced all beautiful items like fruits, flowers, gems, shaligram, rudraksha for you. Nature is your mother. A mother will never harm you in disguise. Shape and Size will not matter except for beauty. All beads are healthy unless they are damaged or broken.

How do we choose a good Rudraksha ?

A real good quality Rudraksha will have the mukhis well defined, running from end to end. Its corns and contours will be natural and there will be no cracks along the mukhis. The bead has to be lustrous and devoid of insect holes.

Usually the one-mukhi Rudraksha or beads higher than 12 mukhi are faked by traders to earn good profits. A higher mukhi is fashioned by carving a lower mukhi into having extra segments. Sometimes, several lower mukhi Rudraksha are glued together to make a higher mukhi Rudraksha. Beads of Areca nut, Nutmeg or wood are carved to fashion Rudraksha beads with mukhis.

Nepal beads are larger in size, thorny with several projections and having deep clear mukhis. The mukhi lines are embedded deep in the outer surface and Nepal beads vary from 14mm- 40mm in size with an average size 20mm.

Java beads are much smaller with smoother surface and mukhi lines visible as white lines from one hole to the other very close to the surface and not etched deep. Sizes of Java beads vary from 2mm-20mm, with average of 12mm.

The size has more to do with personal choice. Some people prefer bigger beads due to their magnificent beauty, some like the small size due to ease of wearing. Effect wise, both work the same over an extended length of time. Larger beads awaken faster to give effects due to increase in surface area

Here are few methods of testing a genuine Rudraksha:

  1. Look at it closely:
  2. A real Rudraksha will have a lustrous body with well-defined grooves or mukhis.
  3. A fake or artificially made Rudraksha may look like a real one, but its facets (mukhis) cannot be made as real as those on the real bead.
  4. The facets or the mukhis denotes the deep lines running from the upper part to the lower part of Rudraksha.
  5. Looking at these deep linings (facets) with the help of a magnifying glass, one can easily recognize a real Rudraksha.
  6. Also, if a fully grown ripe bead is immersed in water, it will float because of its weight. An underdeveloped bead or one that’s rotten inside is likely to float.
  7. Take an X-ray of the Rudraksha bead. It will have a central hole and seeds corresponding to the mukhis (compartments). Sometimes the seeds are very small or compartments are very close to each other, in that case a CT scan will have to be done to determine the seeds.
  8. Yet another way is to find out whether the beads exhibit properties like inductance, capacitance, conduction of electric current etc.
  9. If you hold the Rudraksha bead in your hand, you should be able to feel its tiny electric current, like a slight throbbing of the heart.
  10. It is generally held that if Rudraksha beads are placed between two copper coins it should rotate slightly. This is due to the physical and magnetic properties of the Rudraksha beads. This test requires high level of expertise.

Regarding whether the bead is alive or dead, if the bead has some weight and lustre, it is alive. If it is so weightless that you can blow it away, or it looks washed out, or jet black in colour and extremely dry, then the bead is dead.

How do we know which Rudraksha is good?

The shape and size of this bead become a source of confusion for many. One should refrain from worrying about this aspect. The Mukhi must be well defined. There should be zero cracks near the central hole. The bead should not be eaten by insects. Overall it has to be a well-defined healthy Rudraksha.

Can you wear Rudraksha while eating?

Ofcourse. Rudraksha must be worn at all time to activate the chakras and the desired energy.

As per authentic Puranas, consumption of certain non-veg foods food or alcoholic beverages is not prohibited.

What is implied is that the wearer will get maximum benefits if he stays away from such tamasic foods.

Make Rudraksha a part of your body. Your faith will bring grace in your life. Slowly you will find that you are moving away from non – veg and alcohol as these tamasic items distract a person from spiritual path.

Can women wear Rudraksha?

Yes! As per scriptures women can and should wear Rudraksha.

Rudraksha beads work equally well on humans as well as animals to heal and balance their Chakras. Shiv Purana has an anecdote on a Yogini, a devotee of Shiva, who drank alcohol and whose dog also wore Rudraksha.

According to our authentic scriptures, Rudraksha can be worn at all times by all persons irrespective of gender, caste or creed..

However though there is no specific restriction in our Ancient Scriptures, It is advisable to remove Rudraksha mala during the period of menstrual cycles.

Is it that only Hindus can wear?

No, All religions can wear. Chakras are there in human body irrespective of caste and creed. Ancient texts have not limited wearing of these beads to any caste , religion or sex. Even animals benefit by wearing Rudraksha beads

Why do people say it’s bad to wear a broken Rudraksha bead?

The energy of the Rudraksha bead comes from the seeds. This energy is transmitted through the thorns, which get chipped off with time, but this doesn’t reduce the potential of the bead. The other thorns perform their function. But if the bead is defiled by worms and the Rudraksha is cracked, such a damaged bead may not give you any benefit and will do no harm either.

How do I know that my Rudraksha bead is healthy?

See that the bead has a healthy glow and has weight. Weight of the Rudraksha comes from the moist seeds inside it. If the Rudraksha is not healthy, it will become blackish in color and dry on the surface as the seeds would have dried out.

What is the life of Rudraksha beads?

If the bead is well protected, preserved and maintained adequately, it exhibits a very long life span. It can be passed on for several generations.

Any other precautions or restrictions advised?

Regarding prohibitions of wearing Rudraksha during sex or visiting a place of death, Vedic guidance does not suggest strict prohibitions and leaves it to the wearer’s discretion and comfort levels.

Associated ancient literatures on the subject of prohibitions are not authoritative and indeed sometimes seem mutually contradictory.

Above all most significant and important thing is the intention, faith and devotion of the wearer.

However, it is generally maintained by persons of strict upbringing and shaivaite background to remove all sacred objects when having sex.

It is believed that psychic energies generated during the act frequently interfere with the spiritual energies of Rudraksha.

Since it is an item of energy some people prefer to remove while visiting to funeral grounds, during bowel movements, during sexual union, during alcoholic drinks and during eating non vegetarian food.

Though it is not specifically mentioned in ancient texts, it is advisable not to wear Rudraksha in the following circumstances: 1. While you step into a crematorium. 2. While you take non vegetarian food. 3. While you consume alcohol 4. While you indulge in sexual union.

Will there arise any harm if the procedures are not followed as per the principles laid out scriptures?

Shiva is our God. He is our mother. He is our Father. He is Our Guru. He is the embodiment of the Universe. He is the embodiment of Love. He is the embodiment of Compassion. Rudraksha is a form of Lord Siva himself.

Wearing Rudraksha will bring no harm under any circumstances: instead it gives protection and energy at all times.

Om Nama Sivayaya!


Om !